Urinary + Crystals

Cat Urine ideally should be around 5.85- 6.4

What is a Urine Crystal? Tiny granules that irritate the bladder. More prone in male cats as it plugs the urethra and can be life threatening. May or may not be inclusive of a Urinary Tract Infection.

What is a Bladder Stone? When the individual crystals build up over time forming small grains of sand-like material into stones, sometimes reaching over 1" diameter. 

Formations of Crystals:

Things to consider:

ANY CHANGE IN FOOD WILL MAKE A CHANGE TO PH OF THE ANIMAL. Be cautious in frequency of changing diets too abruptly as it may allow pH levels to imbalance and cause urinary concerns. 

Genetics can always be a factor

What to do if possible Urine crystals/ Urinary Tract Infection/ Bladder stones:

  1. If ANY abnormal symptoms (blood in urine, difficulty urinating, passing minimal quantity of urine, straining with urination, licking genitals more frequently than usual), seek veterinary care 
  2. Increase water intake (try a pet fountain)
  3. Provide canned food as it contains high levels of moisture
  4. Feed less food more often. Instead of 2 meals a day or free feeding. Try 4 smaller meals a day. Large meals can trigger more alkaline urine pH. 

{pets.webmd.com, Urinary Tract problems in Cats}
{Journal of the AVMA 2001 November 1, Association between dietary factors and calcium oxalate and magnesium ammonium phosphate urolithiasis in cats}

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